Climate Change: Nepal’s Environmental Crisis

Climate change in Nepal student POV

Nepal is a country where environmental pollution is increasing day by day. The main cause of environmental pollution is human activity. Human activities lead to an increase in the temperature of the earth due to the depletion of the ozone layer, which is found in the stratosphere.

It’s me, Subham Barnawal from grade 11, studying at G.V.N. Secondary School in the management faculty of business studies. I am a student living in Nepalgunj City, where the temperature is increasing day by day due to the harmful radiation of the sun. I just wanted to tell everyone that the harmful gases released from industries and factories are depleting the ozone layer. Everyone should control such kinds of activities to make this living planet earth pollution-free, and they can also exist on this earth for a long period of time. Nepal’s climate is changing day by day, which affects the whole water cycle of the country. People in Nepal are facing a scarcity of water due to the increase in temperature. This problem mainly arises due to climate change and global warming. The government also does not provide water facilities in many areas where there is a scarcity of water.

Climate change mainly refers to changes in the environmental conditions of the earth. This happens mainly due to many internal and external factors. Climate change has become a global concern over the last few decades. Besides, these climatic changes affect life on earth in various ways. These climate changes are having various impacts on the ecosystem and ecology. Due to these changes, a number of species of plants and animals have gone extinct.

Globally, Nepal is ranked fourth in terms of vulnerability to climatic change. Floods spread across the foothills of the Himalayas and brought landslides, leaving tens of thousands of houses, vast areas of farmland, and roads destroyed. In the 2020 edition of German Watch’s climate risk index, it was judged to be the ninth hardest hit nation by climate calamities during the period 1999–2018. Nepal is the least developed country, with 18.7 percent of its population living below the poverty line. Analysis of trends from 1971 to 2018 by the department of hydrology and meteorology shows that the average annual maximum temperature has been increasing by 0.056 degrees Celsius per year. Data reveals that more than 80 percent of property losses due to disasters are attributable to climate change.

As we know, if we do not do anything and things continue to go on like right now, then a day in the future will come when humans will be extinct from the surface of the earth. But instead of neglecting these problems, if we start acting on them, we can save the earth and our surface. Although human error has caused great damage to the climate and ecosystem, it is not too late to start again and try to undo what we have done until now to damage the environment. Then we can be sure of our existence in the future.

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